There are specific types of eating disorders. Each type of eating disorder display problematic behaviours towards food such as eating too little, eating too much or eating followed by purging it. The most common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating disorder and Bulimia Nervosa.
Anorexia nervosa is characterised by heavy restriction of food intake. This is a serious case as the patient can suffer both psychologically and physically. Long-term restriction of food can lead to malnutrition, starvation, dehydration, and if not stopped, even death. Bulimia Nervosa is characterised by eating a lot of food at once, followed by over exercising or purging to get rid of the calories consumed. Binge eating disorder is similar to Bulimia Nervosa. The person will eat large quantities of food at once, but won’t purge. They will instead either do extreme diets or fasting to make up for the binging period.
Eating disorder can affect all people. Therapy can help the individual develop a healthy body image, tackle issues that result in disordered eating such as low self-esteem or perfectionism, look for causes that might have led to disordered eating such as childhood trauma or unhealthy relationship experiences and help the patient towards recovery.